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How to Create a Robust Health and Safety Policy

Table of Contents

When we think about a workplace buzzing with activity, the first thing that should come to mind is the safety and well-being of those who make it all happen: the employees. In South Africa, the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) clearly mandates that all employers have a strong health and safety policy in place. This policy is a framework to ensure that everyone works in an environment that values their health and livelihood. So, whether you’re starting from scratch or refining an existing policy, let’s look at how you can create a robust health and safety policy that not only meets but exceeds the basic requirements, safeguarding your team’s wellness and your organisation’s future.

occupational health

Defining Your health and safety policy

A health and safety policy, simply put, is your written commitment to managing risks and ensuring a safe working environment. It’s the backbone of safety in the workplace and serves as a clear guide for everyone from management to the newest recruit. To make it effective, your policy must clearly state who it covers – and that’s everyone under your roof, without exception. 

However, it’s more than just a list of rules. A good policy anticipates scenarios where standard procedures might not be feasible and provides backup plans. For instance, if someone can’t follow a safety procedure due to unforeseen circumstances, what should they do? Your policy should have that answer.

Additionally, clarity is key. Use straightforward language to outline examples of what’s acceptable and what’s not. For example, you could spell out the rules concerning alcohol consumption, stating a zero-tolerance stance on working under the influence. By defining your policy with well-explained, relatable scenarios, you ensure that everyone understands and can follow it, making for a healthier and safer workplace.

The core of your health and safety policy: The statement and plan

At the heart of your health and safety policy is the policy statement—a signed commitment from your CEO or Director that sets the tone for safety in your organisation. It’s not just a formality but a public declaration of your company’s dedication to safeguarding its people. This signed document should be on proud display where all employees can see it, reinforcing the message that health and safety are paramount.

Beyond the statement lies the comprehensive health and safety plan, detailing the how-tos of your policy. It’s a blueprint for action that covers everything from personal protective equipment to emergency procedures and regular risk assessments. This plan is where you document the steps and strategies to create a healthy and safe workplace, addressing potential hazards and establishing protocols for safe work practices.

Remember, your plan isn’t just a static document but a living one. It should evolve through regular updates and improvements, reflecting changes in regulations, new technologies, or different working procedures. And to ensure that it’s not just paperwork, it needs to be understood and followed by everyone. From training and supervision to continual improvement, your health and safety plan must be a clear, actionable, and dynamic tool in managing health and safety.

working environment

Communication and understanding

The best health and safety policy is only as good as the understanding of those who implement it. It’s crucial to express your policy through clear, straightforward language. Avoid jargon that might confuse — your goal is for every single person, regardless of their role or literacy level, to grasp the contents fully and know what’s expected of them.

Effective communication also means actively overcoming language barriers within the organisation. It may involve translating the policy into other languages spoken by your workforce or using visual aids and symbols that can be universally understood. It’s about ensuring that everyone’s on the same page, quite literally.

Workshops, training sessions, and regular meetings can play a significant role in reinforcing the health and safety message. Encourage questions, provide clarifications, and make sure that everyone feels competent to act according to the policy. After all, a policy that lives in a drawer is of no use to anyone. It needs to be in the minds and actions of your employees to truly make a difference.

The joint effort of management and employees

Creating a safe workplace is a team effort that requires active participation and commitment from both management and employees. The OHS committee, a mix of representatives from various levels of the company, is the driving force behind this collaborative approach. This committee doesn’t just distribute information but fosters a culture of safety, where everyone feels responsible and empowered to contribute to a healthier and safer work environment.

Management’s role involves providing the necessary resources, setting clear expectations, and leading by example when it comes to health and safety practices. They must ensure that the working environment complies with safety regulations, conduct regular risk assessments, and create avenues for continual improvement.

Employees, on the other hand, are the eyes and ears on the ground. They are responsible for following the laid-out procedures, using personal protective equipment properly, and reporting any unsafe conditions or incidents. It’s essential that they understand their role in maintaining a safe workspace and feel confident to voice concerns without fear of repercussions.

This shared responsibility is the bedrock of a robust health and safety culture, where everyone works towards the common goal of preventing harm and promoting well-being.

risk assessment

Compliance: Following the rules and understanding the risks

Abiding by the OHS Act isn’t just about dodging legal bullets; it’s fundamentally about respecting the right to a safe workplace. Compliance with health and safety legislation is a shared duty, both for the protection of individuals and the collective success of the organisation. A solid understanding of what the Act requires — for instance, the necessity for risk assessments, safe work practices, and the use of personal protective equipment — helps everyone recognise their part in creating a healthy and safe workplace.

But it’s not just about following rules; it’s about understanding why they matter. Everyone should be aware of the risks of non-compliance, which can range from minor incidents to severe accidents, potentially leading to legal action, financial loss, or worse, harm to human life. Highlighting these risks within your policy and training ensures that health and safety are not taken lightly but seen as vital to personal and organisational well-being.

It is crucial to have procedures in place for updating your policies, ensuring they evolve with changes in legislation, technology, and working environments. Regular training and consultation with your team are also vital, fostering a workplace where health and safety matters are openly discussed and continually improved upon. By ingraining these values into your company culture, you not only comply with the law but also show a genuine commitment to the well-being of your most valuable asset — your people.


In wrapping up, crafting a robust health and safety policy is not merely an onerous task—it’s a vital investment in the welfare of your team and the longevity of your business. By outlining clear procedures, ensuring effective communication, and fostering a culture of mutual commitment, you lay the groundwork for not just a legally compliant workplace, but one where safety and well-being are woven into its very DNA.

Reflect on your current health and safety policies: Do they truly serve your people and comply with the OHS Act? If you see room for improvement, remember, it’s never too late to enhance your approach. While generic resources like policy templates can offer a starting point, nothing compares to tailored, expert guidance.

At FAFST (First Aid, Fire, and Safety Training), we specialise in interpreting the nuances of the OHS Act and creating policies that are practical and compliant. More than just meeting legal requirements, we help foster a culture that prioritises health and safety at its core. To solidify your understanding and application of these vital regulations, consider enrolling in our OHS Act Course. This course is designed to equip you with knowledge and practical skills to maintain a safer, healthier workplace.

Don’t hesitate—enroll in our OHS Act Course today and take a significant step towards a safer, healthier workplace for everyone.

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